Internet of Things: The Next Level of Security

BJIT
5 min readJan 24, 2023

In terms of use cases and capabilities, the Internet of Things is only getting started. When it comes to working with IoT devices, businesses must recognize the significance of cybersecurity procedures. Security is a major concern when it comes to IoT, and we are seeing more cyberattacks on connectivity services.

99% of businesses employ blockchain technology, IoT solutions, cloud, and other digital transformation technologies with sensitive data; however, fewer than 30% of respondents use encryption in these settings.

How Does Security Affect the Internet of Things (IoT)?

It is challenging for IoT network security development to keep up with the IoT’s fast evolution. Given that IoT technologies are currently heavily integrated into everyone’s life, this creates a significant number of hazards.

IoT devices have the capacity to connect to the internet, gather data from their surroundings, and send it through a network. IoT devices that are often utilized include smartphones, smartwatches, fitness trackers, and gaming consoles, to name just a few.

Hackers may occasionally get access to and attack the networks tying together various IoT devices since the security procedures for IoT networks aren’t always up to date with current threats. This highlights the weaknesses in IoT network security and the need to advance it.

Depending on the kind of devices being utilized, IoT can have a variety of effects on security. For instance, because fitness trackers continually record the actions of the hands, hacking a basic fitness tracker can yield a wealth of personal information, like account access, PIN numbers, or ATM codes.

Other significant security breaches include accessing linked automobiles and disabling the brakes, hacking smart security locks to let anybody into the house, and even taking control of medical equipment like insulin pumps to mess with drug delivery.

Security breaches on IoT networks represent a severe risk. They are not just employed to compile user data, but if handled improperly, they can also have disastrous physical effects.

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The Most Serious Security Issues with Internet of Things Devices

IoT devices may connect to networks and with one another in a variety of ways. Each of these devices has certain weaknesses that present chances for hackers to intercept and compromise them.

Some of the most significant issues with IoT network cybersecurity are listed below:

  • Remote accessibility — Having many IoT devices connected via Bluetooth or internet networks is a huge benefit. Hackers may access them remotely and communicate with them as a result, though.

There are a lot of potential access points that a hacker can use in a big network of devices. One of the most popular methods hackers use to get access to IoT devices through malware software or website redirection is phishing campaigns.

  • Lack of Processing Power — Some IoT devices lack the processing power required to run robust firewalls or antivirus/malware programs. Some of them seldom ever communicate with other gadgets. Since there is no method to safeguard these devices from cyberattacks, they represent a serious risk to the security of IoT networks.
  • Industry Ignorance — As technology became more accessible worldwide, industries started to digitally alter their operations. To boost productivity and efficiency, they rely on IoT devices, but at the expense of being reliant on technology.

The issue is that most industries don’t have plans in place for when all this new technology fails. Regarding possible cyberattacks and data breaches, the sector lacks foresight.

  • Propagation Similar to a Virus — Using hacked systems as a source to infect additional connected devices is one of several cyberattack techniques. Attacks that exploit distributed denial of service (DDoS) frequently employ these IoT devices. Hackers that carry out DDoS attacks bombard a particular target with internet traffic in an effort to stymie its normal activity. When conducting these assaults, hackers increase their efficiency by infiltrating nearby devices and utilizing them to spread the harmful attack.

The issue of how to safeguard IoT systems and devices to prevent similar assaults from occurring again then arises.

Unfortunately, there is no simple solution to the problems with IoT network security.

To safeguard their networks and devices, IoT enterprises must continually create new tactics and specialized technologies. Users may take a few steps as suggested by BJIT experts to lessen their dangers:

  • Periodically check for fixes and updates — Even though they may still be working, unpatched devices offer serious security risks, and the users may not even be aware that their gadgets are unprotected. Regularly checking for updates and fixes can help prevent this by lowering the devices’ vulnerabilities.
  • Use secure and distinctive passwords — The first step in a massive cyberattack is using a weak password. To stop these attacks and safeguard all current accounts, use secure passwords that are unique for each device and keep them safe.
  • Ensure the WiFi connection is secure — Public Wi-Fi is regarded as harmful by many due of the ease with which anybody may use it. If the owners of personal Wi-Fi access points don’t prioritize security, the same thing may occur. For instance, they can accomplish this by turning on the network firewall and utilizing secure Wi-Fi passwords.
  • Utilize various networks for IoT devices- IoT-related hacks might be reduced by building a separate network for IoT devices exclusively. Additionally, it serves as a safeguard against assaults spreading to other accessible devices.
  • Limit the usage of GPS — GPS is frequently used by many IoT devices. The physical hazard posed to consumers by these gadgets being hacked is significant. They should choose to restrict the usage of such applications and manage their GPS access capabilities in order to reduce the danger.
  • Take a look at the IoT protocols in use — IoT devices may interact with one another through methods other than the internet. Other networking protocols, such as Bluetooth and NFC, can also be used to link them. Users should be knowledgeable about the many protocols their devices employ in order to be ready for security breaches.

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Final Thoughts

An IoT solution can make life simpler for certain individuals, but we must watch out that it doesn’t come at a hefty cost to their privacy. Although going through all of the data gathered by gadgets may seem like a daunting effort, it will be worth it in the end. The desire to save diverse data items for a future examination might be strong. But we must consider what this could imply for the populace. What would you want a gadget in your house to be collecting?

In conclusion, let’s ensure that future IoT devices are safe, secure, and considerate of users’ privacy.

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